Ethiopia

Country Profile

Capital: Addis Ababa

Population: 96,633,458

Official Language: Amharic is the official national language while each state has its own official working language: Somali, Tigrigna, Afar

Unofficial Languages: English is the major foreign language taught in schools

Life Expectancy at Birth: 60.75 years

HIV/AIDS

Adult Prevalence Rate: 1.2% (Ranking 36th in world comparisons)

Deaths: 45,200 (Ranking 10th in world comparisons)

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 793,700 (Ranking 11thin world comparisons)

Literacy Rate: 39% (note that there is a 20% gap between male and female literacy in Ethiopia, where male literacy is 49.1% and female literacy is 28.9% – one of the larger literacy gaps of the countries we work in)

Population below the poverty line: 39%

Main Economic Activity: Agriculture (determined by labour force and GDP composition)

Health Expenditure: 3.8% of GDP (Rank 166 in World Comparisons)

Unemployment Rate: 17.5% (Rank 156)

Youth Unemployment Rate: 24.9% (Rank 36)

Drinking Water Sources:

Unimproved: 48.5% of population

Improved: 51.5% of population

News from Ethiopia

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Country Profile

Capital: Addis Ababa

Population: 96,633,458

Official Language: Amharic is the official national language while each state has its own official working language: Somali, Tigrigna, Afar

Unofficial Languages: English is the major foreign language taught in schools

Life Expectancy at Birth: 60.75 years

HIV/AIDS

Adult Prevalence Rate: 1.2% (Ranking 36th in world comparisons)

Deaths: 45,200 (Ranking 10th in world comparisons)

People Living with HIV/AIDS: 793,700 (Ranking 11thin world comparisons)

Literacy Rate: 39% (note that there is a 20% gap between male and female literacy in Ethiopia, where male literacy is 49.1% and female literacy is 28.9% – one of the larger literacy gaps of the countries we work in)

Population below the poverty line: 39%

Main Economic Activity: Agriculture (determined by labour force and GDP composition)

Health Expenditure: 3.8% of GDP (Rank 166 in World Comparisons)

Unemployment Rate: 17.5% (Rank 156)

Youth Unemployment Rate: 24.9% (Rank 36)

Drinking Water Sources:

Unimproved: 48.5% of population

Improved: 51.5% of population

News from Ethiopia